Exam 2 :: Important Information

Jean-Jacques Rousseau preached a return to nature, the rights of the individual, and the goodness of people.

Edmund Burkes “Theory of the Sublime” was a major component of Romanticism.

Rousseau laid the groundwork for Romanticism. Believed in the goodness in people and the rights of the individual.

Romantics want to excite your emotions, religion, and sexual passion.

Barron Gros’s Napoleon captures the nature of color and drama of Baroque

Barron Gros’s “Pest House of the Battle of Eylau” transforms Davidian Classism to Romanticism.

True Neo-Classicism is concerned with unifying human experiences and paying homage to the Roman/Greco world. Romanticism is concerned with meaning.

Delacroix studied with Copley Fielding (to learn watercolors).

With Delacroix color was painting and painting was color.

George Stubbs “Violence of the Sublime”.

No other painter explored the domain of Romantic subject and mood as Delacroix.

Delacroix’s death divides the art of the 19th century Romanticism with the art of Realism.

Richard Dadd’s work is among one of the first works by an insane person to be preserved.

Hunt, Millais, and Rossetti encouraged the Gothic Revival.

Hunt, Millais, and Rossetti are the 3 founders of Pre-Raphaelite.

Paul Delaroche was not a true Romantic.

Moritz Von Schwind’s “The Flakenstein Ride” is a Fairy painting that extends folk culture.

The Pre-Raphaelites had an urge to reform the ills of modern civilization through their art.

Millais is the most satisfying (and least pretentious) of the Pre-Raphaelites.

John Russkin is the greatest English Art Critic.

ROSSETTI is the leader of the Pre-Raphaelites.

Rossetti, unlike Hunt, was not concerned with social issues.

Hunt’s “our English Coasts” establishes him as the Pre-Raphaelite Monet.

William Morris was the founder of the Arts and Crafts Movement.

Jean Leon Gerome had a Neo-Greek Style.

The Crystal Palace was the first prefabricated building and the forerunner for modern architectural structures to come.

Alexander Cabanel’s “The Birth of Venus” is salon art at its best.

Unlike Goya, Barron Gros veils the realistic truths.

Gericault set out to destroy Neo-Classicism and the Davidian formula.

Gericault’s Raft of the Medusa introduced large numbers of people to Romantic painting.

One of the noblest elements of the Romantic movement is the sympathy to those with mental and abnormal flaws (ex: Gericaults’s “Madman”).

Delacroix is the foremost Romantic painter of the day, but regards himself as a true Classicist.

Delacroix’s only painting that was a failure with both the Romantics and the Classicists was “The Death of Sardanapalus”.

Delacroix’s “Lion Devouring a Rabbit” demonstrates Romanticism’s obsession with strong emotion and untamed nature.

Paul Delaroche was not a true Romantic.

Moritz Von Schwind’s “The Falkenstein Ride” is a fairy painting that extends folk culture.

The Pre-Raphaelites are Romantic is subject matter but Realists in terms of technique.

Franz Xaver Winterhalter is one of the great portrait painters of the Mid. 19th Century.

William A. Bouguereau is a Realist in terms of technique but is an academic painter in terms of subject.

Rossetti had enough influence there could have been “Rossettism”

Burne-Jones work represents an escape from reality to a dream like world.

The Pre-Raphaelites virtually rediscover Botticelli.

Watts believed the sole justification of art is its own intrinsic beauty.

Beardsley was the leading illustrator of the day.

Beardsley’s work is a combination of Pre-Raphaelite paints and Japanese prints.

John Ruskin recognized the dangers of imitating earlier forms.

John Ruskin wrote “Modern Painters/The Seven Lamps of Architecture/The Stones of Venice,” all dealing with art criticism and art theory.

John Constable was the purest representative and the originator to the school of landscape painting.

John Constable had a huge interest in the sky, in fact they may be the focal point of any landscape.

“The Haywain” is Constable’s most famous work.

Constable’s skies are accurate records of shifting cloud patterns.

Constable is a precursor to impressionism.

“Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows” is an example of Constable’s LATE work.

William Turner’s scenes satisfy the Romantic for the sublime and are often linked with literary themes.

For William Turner the reality of color is the reality of feeling. He releases color from simply defining lines and lets it express its own nature.

One of William Turner’s major themes is the forces of nature and its destructive power.

Thomas Cole is the founder of the Hudson River School of Landscape Painting

The Vasari of American Art is William Dunlap.

Cole represents the untamed aspect of American Landscape, unmarked by any European Landscape formulas.

Cole represents the 2 aspects that had been at war: the elevated and the ordinary.

“The Last of the Mohicans” by Thomas Cole was the first landscape from an American novel.

Cole’s landscapes illustrate 1: infinite details that could be assembled into a unit or design that could be spiritual/physical; 2: a communication between God and man.

Cole tells a story using multiple cavases in “The Voyage of Life,” which is the most popular series in Mid. 19th Century America.

Millais becomes the president of the Royal Academy.

The 3 characteristics of Delacroix: emotional expression, texture on canvas, and elimination of contour lines.

“The Shipwreck” by Turner is one of his EARLY works.

“The Long Engagement” by Hughes is and illustration from a Shakespearean text.

Rossetti follows the tradition of William Blake by intertwining poetry and painting.