Exam 2 :: Lecture Questions

Summarizes the state of Florentine art in the 15th century.

He represents the final flowering of the Late Gothic style in Florence, and although he belongs chronologically to the period of innovators, he continues this gothic style in the 15th century because of his disinterest in realism.

This Venetian-born Florentine-based artist is primarily interested in light and color with an intense Northern Renaissance influence in his work. Upon his move to Florence, he announced that he would teach Florence new things about Venetian color.

This building stood as a tribute to civil aesthetics and the image of family residences

Among the painters of the so-called poetic current in the late 15th century, _________ stands alone in terms of depth and feeling and delicacy of style. So intense is his concentration on line, so magical is his research into the unreal. He was the leading painter resident in Florence in the 1480s and 1490s.

The innovations of Giotto and Donatello have the greatest influence on the innovative artists of the Renaissance while Ghiberti appealed to those clinging to the Gothic tradition, such as Monaco.

He is the Father of Renaissance Architecture:

It was the first independent Renaissance building to be conceived essentially as a central plan structure

More than any of his contemporaries, this Tuscan artist exemplifies knowledge of form, light and color, and principles of spaces and perspective

Masolino’s Temptation and Masaccio’s Expulsion are the earliest monumental nudes

Exemplifies the synthesis between Classical Antiquity and Christianity, which appealed to 17th century humanists

This artwork by master painter Masaccio anticipates the achievements of the High Renaissance

He did a lot of preliminary drawings, simplifying forms into geometric shapes

His first major architectural project, it advocated the combination of Classical and Renaissance styles.

This painting is a fully Renaissance image in that the figures exist in a believable space

This artist wrote the first “Treatise on Perspective” in his late career

His style reflects the impact of the first generation of 15th century artists

Who is the Renaissance ideal of the Renaissance man?

This Florentine artist worked directly in the tradition of Masaccio

Where was Fra Angelico’s most sustained work (45 frescoes)?

In Hercules and Antaeus, Pollaiuolo creates a new kind of sculptural action group that was not taken up by his contemporaries.

Becomes the model in the second half of the 15th century for humanist tombs

Few sculptors have understood the possibilities of marble the way he did

One of the first artists to seriously study human anatomy.

He invents the first consistent system of one-point perspective

Although he was originally trained in the International Gothic Style, he drops it when he discovers perspective. His artworks from then on reflect his newfound obsession with perspective, which Vasari criticizes as a waste of his talent.

Becomes a model for Florentine townhouses for 2 generations

This Renaissance masterpiece had the most advanced background landscape to this point in Italian art

He rediscovers aerial perspective

This altarpiece was worked in the International Gothic Style and the style of the European courts. In doing so, it reflected the wealth and lavish desires of the commissioner, Strozzi

His taste for patterns and precise attention to detail is influenced by Netherlandish and Flemish painting

What was the first domestic building that arranged the rooms symmetrically around a central hallway?

Although Michelozzo is the main architect for the Palazzo Medici Riccardi, the pedimented windows were done by this great Renaissance artist and architect.

This is the first Renaissance painting to completely follow Brunelleschi’s one-point perspective, while embodying realism based on observation

Sums up Humanist classicism at the close of the 15th century

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